Archive for August 2011

Mark Matthews

Aug 9th, 2011 | By
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1894-2005  Mark Matthews first enlisted in the U.S. military at the age of 15, became one of the original “Buffalo Soldiers,” and served his country with distinction through numerous conflicts and wars, and racial segregation in the armed forces. Born to Ride Matthews was born in Greenville, Alabama, on August 7, 1894. His family moved
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Ella Fitzgerald

Aug 8th, 2011 | By
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1917-1996  Ella Fitzgerald bebopped with Dizzy Gillespie and scatted with Louis Armstrong during a nearly 60-year-long career in which she became a renowned jazz pioneer. She effectively reinterpreted the American songbook, won 13 Grammy Awards, and earned the title “The First Lady of Song.” From Dance to Song Fitzgerald was born on April 25, 1917,
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Richard Wright

Aug 7th, 2011 | By
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1908-1960  Richard Nathaniel Wright, one of America’s great literary figures, was also one of the first African American writers to receive international fame and notoriety. He was a prolific writer who used stunning prose to address themes of race, gender, politics, and the struggle for individual freedom. Wright was the first black author to have
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Mary Eliza Church Terrell

Aug 6th, 2011 | By
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1863-1954  Mary Eliza Church Terrell played a central role in the struggle for civil rights. A master at organizing, lecturing, and writing, she was present at the founding of the NAACP. Terrell began her career as an activist in an era when lynching was common in the United States, and lived to see the dawn
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Louis Jordan

Aug 5th, 2011 | By
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1908-1975  Louis Jordan was one of the most successful African American musicians of his era, achieving success and popularity across jazz, blues, R&B, and the nascent Rock and Roll genres. He was one of the first black artists to “cross over” to the mainstream, scoring with white audiences and on the pop music charts. Studies
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Charles Hamilton Houston

Aug 4th, 2011 | By
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1895-1950  Charles Hamilton Houston was an attorney, a professor, and a law school dean. He devised and implemented the legal strategy that set the stage for the unanimous 1954 U.S. Supreme Court ruling Brown v. Board of Education, which outlawed segregation in public schools. Early Resolve Houston was born in Washington, DC, just a few
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Medgar Evers

Aug 3rd, 2011 | By
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1925-1963  Medgar Evers’ work as NAACP state field secretary for Mississippi led to his assassination by a white supremacist. After more than 30 years and three separate trials, his killer was finally brought to justice, in what has become a celebrated and inspirational story of victory and sacrifice for the Civil Rights Movement. Insurance to
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Daisy Gatson Bates

Aug 2nd, 2011 | By
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1914-1999  Daisy Gatson Bates was an activist and publisher. She is best known for her role as mentor and advisor to the group of nine students who integrated Little Rock Central High School in 1957. Bates dedicated her life to the struggle against injustice, and was among this country’s fiercest and most steadfast advocates for
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Arthur Ashe

Aug 1st, 2011 | By
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1943-1993  Arthur Robert Ashe, Jr., was a barrier-breaking tennis player, and the first—and only—player to win both the U.S. Amateur and U.S. Open championships in the same year. Ashe used his celebrity to bring attention to injustice, racial prejudice, apartheid in South Africa, and the AIDS epidemic. Early Victories Born on July 10, 1943, in
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