Social Sciences

Daisy Gatson Bates

Aug 2nd, 2011 | By
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1914-1999  Daisy Gatson Bates was an activist and publisher. She is best known for her role as mentor and advisor to the group of nine students who integrated Little Rock Central High School in 1957. Bates dedicated her life to the struggle against injustice, and was among this country’s fiercest and most steadfast advocates for
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Thurgood Marshall

Jul 29th, 2011 | By
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1908-1993  Thurgood Marshall devoted his life to the advancement of equal rights for all Americans. As a leading attorney for the NAACP, member of the U.S. Court of Appeals, Solicitor General for the United States, and ultimately as an Associate Justice of the U.S. Supreme Court, he held fast to his principles and won hugely
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Ethel L. Payne

Jul 26th, 2011 | By
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1911-1991  Ethel L. Payne combined a passionate concern for the rights of black people in all parts of the world with a talent for investigative reporting and writing. She became the leading African American journalist of her time, and a tireless supporter of civil rights. With the Help of a Diary Payne was born in
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Patricia Roberts Harris

Jul 23rd, 2011 | By
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1924-1985  Patricia Harris worked her way up from modest origins to become a trail-blazer for African Americans and women in the federal government at the highest levels. She served two Presidents in numerous roles, and achieved notable results in striving for improvements in housing and services for poor people and equitable treatment for women. Early
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Booker T. Washington

Jul 10th, 2011 | By
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1856-1915  Booker Taliaferro Washington was one of the leading African American figures of his era. Born a slave and initially denied an education, he was ultimately responsible for founding one of the preeminent black educational institutions in the U.S., and was known for his philosophy of hard work, vocational training, and self-reliance as the path
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Allison Davis

Jul 9th, 2011 | By
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1902-1983  William Allison Davis devoted his life to uncovering and correcting unfair bias in the U.S. educational system, and ensuring equal opportunity for all. His landmark studies of caste and class in the south, and the effects of culturally biased tests on underprivileged children, led to dramatic improvements in the use of such tests and
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James Weldon Johnson

Jul 6th, 2011 | By
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1871-1938  James Weldon Johnson was a multitalented and prolifically creative figure in the artistic, political, and civil rights domains of his era. He was responsible for seminal contributions in all of these realms, and was considered one of the primary drivers of both the Harlem Renaissance and the development of the NAACP into an effective
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Whitney M. Young, Jr.

Jun 12th, 2011 | By
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1921 – 1971  Whitney Moore Young, Jr. was a pioneering social worker who redefined the role of that profession, and its importance to the civil rights cause. His progressive work as the executive director of the National Urban League, and his efforts to bridge racial boundaries and usher African Americans into the social and economic
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Asa Philip Randolph

Jun 10th, 2011 | By
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1889 – 1979  Asa Philip Randolph was the preeminent organizer of African Americans in pursuit of labor, civil, and human rights. He built upon his success in the labor movement to bring about social change by influencing U.S. Presidents, the Congress, and other federal institutions, and made a vital contribution to the campaign for equal
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John Henry

Jun 9th, 2011 | By
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Mid-Late 19th Century  John Henry, about whom little is known, is a subject of legend and song, and may well have been a real person living in the late 19th century in West Virginia or Alabama. The legend is the best-known black “tall tale,” honoring the achievements of an individual under difficult circumstances. In the
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